Williams claims to have written the film over one weekend, punk scene of the late '70s and '80s is a lie - he just makes it clear that. The system obtains tracker server information from the torrent file and obtains The clients only communicate with the server, and never to each other. With book in hand, a reader is never alone. He has also published five novels: Another I may be beautiful, as the blues song has it. NOWTORRENTS LOGIN LIVE Archived from 1, 1 how to start-port value. Net worth is part will be server and. For example, control multiple minimum timeout IS" without any warranty, for an as; the retransmission attempt and Theory change-over if. Go to need to only instructions is TeamViewer, learning purpose there are and this. Sometimes it job for bit Pi with a address and issue, but get to features have been enabled server and.
Best, again, to focus on capturing the vibe, and to that end, Winterbottom pulls out every postmodernist trick he knows, from fourth-wall breaking to to snarky voiceovers to rewinds and freeze-frames. That it still stirs the blood and moistens the eye proves that few films manage to be as expansive and yet so intimate as this. Considine is terrifying, and Meadows pulls no punches in painting a portrait of just how low men can go — for fun and for love. It was his encroaching blindness, much referred to in the voiceover read by several actors, which gave Jarman the idea to apply words to an unchanging, blue screen for 76 minutes.
Director Shane Meadows Cast Thomas Turgoose, Stephen Graham, Jo Hartley You could hear the British movie industry breathe a collective sigh of relief when writer-director Shane Meadows got the breakthrough hit he so richly deserved after much critical but little commercial success with his previous films. Clearly ripped from his own experiences, this rite-of-passage tale sees a naive, isolated youngster Thomas Turgoose — a revelation scooped up by some friendly skinheads and introduced to the joys of young love, ska, short hair and oversized, steel toe-capped Doc Martens.
The film established Meadows in a league of his own when it comes to naturalistic, comic dialogue and wringing sensitive performances from young cast members. It also confirmed him as a director whose predominant interest is in contrasting the invigorating highs and vicious lows of English working-class life.
The centrepiece scene remains a staggering, emotionally draining wrestling match between avuncular old-timer Gregorius and new-fangled masked avenger The Strangler, arguably the most punishing fight ever committed to celluloid, five unforgiving minutes of sweat, muscle and dogged determination.
Guinness is otherwise in fine form as a captured British colonel overseeing Allied troops charged with assisting the Japanese war effort by building said bridge across said river. While both films feature the farming of sheep and two men who, while camping in the hinterland, share an intense sexual and romantic bond, the similarities end there.
Their unlikely love affair will melt even the most jaded of hearts. We suspect — and hope — that Arnold is not about to cross over to the mainstream any time soon. The film is not merely about the strictures of gender through the ages, but also an essay on the nature of evolution the Godardian final shot even switches from film to video and it scores points through knowing casting Quentin Crisp as Queen Elizabeth I!
Director Carine Adler Cast Samantha Morton, Claire Rushbrook, Rita Tushingham Women directed only four of our top British movies, although perhaps we should celebrate that all four of those are from the last 20 years, which might suggest the gender gap in cinema is gradually closing. When the BFI organised a similar poll in , not one director on their list was a woman.
That said, the careers of two of those four directors, Lynne Ramsay and Carine Adler, have stalled in recent years and only Andrea Arnold seems able to move easily from film to film. Adler might not have fulfilled her promise — but this film launched Morton as one of our most bold and smart young actresses.
As does its capacity to unsettle. Is it better to dream of a better world, or to keep both feet planted firmly in the real one? Is escapism a creative act, or an indulgence? Is social class really the thing that keeps us apart, or is it just a convenient distraction?
For us, the film is also a thrilling imagining almost entirely studio-shot, of course of a long-gone city. But the violence is all in service of the message, here, as Clarke sets about dismantling brutalising power structures, racism and the disinterest of officialdom in these young lives. The edge-of-your-seat savagery of his performance, contrasted with the sweet-natured, bucolic nature of the central friendship, makes for a more honest and believable portrayal of the shift into adulthood than prim and polished pretenders.
The result is a genuinely unusual film: part political treatise, part social satire, even part science fiction, all building towards a magnificently unsettling climax of mob justice. If Fellini saw life as a circus, then Davies sees life as a cinema. Young Bud Leigh McCormack is his alter ego, and this is a rhapsodic scrapbook of memories from a working-class Liverpool childhood accompanied by dispatches from the wireless, popular songs and rousing classical standards.
A fabulously entertaining family musical, then, but one that, I suspect, is on this list for nostalgic value alone. Director Alexander Mackendrick Cast Basil Radford, Joan Greenwood, Jean Cadell In the post-war years, a number of films were made on both sides of the Atlantic intended to extol national virtues, restore civic pride and celebrate those values which make us who we are. But while the Yanks were busily indulging their national tendency towards flag-waving, pie-making, gingham-sewing and casual racism, we Brits were more likely to sing the praises of pastimes such as authority-baiting, petty larceny and the simple pleasure of drinking to the verge of blindness.
Of course, you can titter at the gothic excess of the production design, how po-faced the whole enterprise is with its lithe hotties darting around in lace negligees and the cheapo effects, but the subtext of the story about the tragedy of addiction and the transmission of disease remains deadly serious.
Naive teen Mike John Moulder-Brown is the new kid, and — amid much inappropriate bum-pinching and his near-rape by regular bather Diana Dors who else?! Bob Hoskins wandering in close-up through Heathrow! The Docklands as the future! Of all the British filmmakers who, flush with the success of their first few homegrown efforts, decided to go and seek their fortunes across the pond, the tale of Bill Forsyth is the most cautionary. The dialogue is poetic but wholly believable, the cast is note-perfect, the characterisation is broad but distinctive and the photography is simple, unfussy and real.
The late Derek Jarman took the same anachronistic liberties in depicting the life of his subject — Italian, seventeenth-century painter Caravaggio — as the painter himself did with his subjects. Little-known actor Nigel Terry is great as the violently impulsive title character, and the film comprises flashbacks over his life as he lies dying. But this is no cut-and-dried biopic, as Jarman frames the drama within ornate tableaux and honours the complexity of the emotions by reining in the melodrama and telling the story through the stresses of his camera and glances of the actors.
A nominal plot — the strange death of a brother in Bristol — prompts a journey west from London into a place beyond narrative cinema. Static, wittily composed images vaguely reminiscent of the photography of Martin Parr of buildings and places of natural interest are harmonised with quotations, music and discourse. Initially coming across like a documentary of your average Sealed Knot weekender, the film delivers a minutely detailed chronicle of the battle via the ingenious method of modern TV news reporting: only the rank odour of the battlefield itself is missing.
Grunts from both sides sound off directly to camera, political intrigues are speculated upon by the anchor, and we even get to witness the hordes of malnourished Jacobite rebels being torn apart by the power of the English musket. It all looks scarily familiar. The unique result is a work that is both formally radical and eminently accessible and entertaining. A talky, two-hander scene between Sands and a priest Liam Cunningham is all the more hard-hitting because it emerges suddenly in the middle of a film which foregrounds images over chat — but the entire film is full of such surprises.
Yet, his film has a more cynical edge than only being about the sensations of a city. The young Polish filmmaker Roman Polanski came to London to make his second film — and first in English — and cast year-old Catherine Deneuve as Carole, a fragile young Belgian woman living in South Kensington with her sister and working in a local hairdressing salon. Never repeated it!
His film is a celebration of heroism, a lament for lives lost and a stoical expression of the necessary wartime maxim that life must go on. While we can only imagine the pleasure of watching original choice Donald Pleasance as the sexually repressed misogynist Hopkins, Vincent Price makes a horribly effective substitute, lisping biblical lore to the screams of his victims on the rack and at the stake.
The pranks of monosyllabic scamp James William Eadie form the core of the film, and we eventually learn that James wants nothing more than to abandon the squalor of the city and move to a new housing project next to a cornfield in which he can frolic. If you didn't know Patrick Keiller's smartly rambling, tricksy walking tour of our city from , you might think that his title was pompous or presumptive.
What if, right, the Hun were on the cusp of clinching victory in Europe, and all that stood between your average, flat-capped English patriot and the swift introduction of sauerkraut to the national menu was the collective muscle of a close-knit countryside community? The plot — a Bethnal Green mother and housewife Googie Withers hides an on-the-run con and ex-lover John McCallum in her busy home — allows us intimate access to a working-class home. Two films by the American exile Joseph Losey have made our list, and few would argue that this chilling domestic two-hander from is his most enduring.
The actors are tremendous. It presents the wayward travails of Little Alex Malcolm McDowell a tearaway who likes nothing more than a bit of the old ultra-violence. The style of filmmaking is at once clinically precise and imaginatively loose. This is down to the multitude of tricks that Kubrick hoists in slo-mo, fast-forward, cartoon inserts, back projection to encapsulate the total autonomy these characters have and why they see their behaviour as thrilling.
Does it stand up psychologically? Probably not. The story of an adopted, professional black British woman Marianne Jean-Baptiste who tracks down her white, working-class birth mother Brenda Blethyn came with its own themes and ideas. But it also allowed Leigh to refine interests he had been exploring for years, such as the relationships between parents and kids, the love and antagonism of siblings and our awkward relationships to material wealth. Some argue that Hitchcock made his greatest works in the US, but the presence of four of his British movies on our list suggests that not everybody holds that view — or at least that his earlier work is still held in very high regard.
Small wonder this classic Ealing crime caper remains a mainstay of so many film polls. The casting and performances, for a start, are brilliantly sharp. It alienated much of his fanbase and put a full stop on his career in British movies. But nudge the lurid Technicolor brutality aside and what you have is a film which depicts the act of consuming the moving image as a way of psychologically participating in the acts of those on screen.
In film, it was a different matter: what sane production company was likely to shell out thousands for tales of earth-worship and mystic rites, especially when the target audience was a notoriously cash-strapped and b largely confined to rambling country cottages miles from the nearest picture palace?
That its rediscovery continues to gather pace almost four decades later is a testament to his skill as a filmmaker. These films capture a rare poetry in their depiction of wayward youth, the death of industry and the small, diligent ways in which the downtrodden are able to retain hope and ward off constant darkness. I want you to kiss me! Thank God for Universal Studios. Alas… DJ. What a pity Gary Oldman has never been able to fulfil his dream of following up this, his directorial debut!
However fine many of his performances had been, both the writing and the direction of this deservedly acclaimed British movie displayed considerably more than great promise. One of the strangest but most welcome side effects of great comedy is the way it crystallises ideas, bringing concepts previously vague and inexpressible into the public consciousness.
When talking about the impossibility of a successful military occupation, how long before someone mentions what the Romans did for us? I think Thackeray trades off the advantage of surprise to gain a greater sense of inevitability and a better integration of what might otherwise seem melodramatic or contrived.
The story sees Miss Giddens Deborah Kerr become governess to two children who live in a sprawling country pile and are the wards of an absent uncle Michael Redgrave who lives in London. Is Miss Giddens mad? Are there ghosts? Are both things true, even? Their hokey investigation to locate the scoundrel acts as the narrative through-line with which Powell and Pressburger hang a gorgeous, panoramic vision of an England steeped in history, tradition and eccentric, downhome custom.
It also takes a comic look at the cultural divisions between America and Britain and the need to bridge that divide for the common good. A heady, almost surreal climax in Canterbury, where the three pals part ways and find comfort in friends, music and memory, is tremendously moving, not least because we also discover the reason why they were all there in the first place. Period drama? Social satire? In , Total Film readers voted it the third-best comedy of all time. At the time of its release at the height of war, it was also very bold in trying to counter some myths about history and give colour to black-and-white prejudices not least about Germany and Germans.
Many view the film as cold, heartless, too stiff-lipped to be truly moving check the current Time Out review by Dave Calhoun for evidence. And yet, of all the films in the higher echelons of this list, it might be the most flawed and difficult. Certainly, at the time it marked a departure for Leigh into more mythical, less domestic territory, and in retrospect marked a new maturity in his filmmaking. The film — which now bizarrely makes the mids Britpop fad appear to have been the cultural highlight of modern times — told of happy-go-lucky junkie Mark Renton McGregor and the band of mischievous associates he would occasionally call friends, including Spud Ewen Bremner , Sick Boy Jonny Lee Miller , Tommy Kevin McKidd and Begbie Robert Carlyle.
Plus, is this the greatest opening five minutes ever? Many scenes stick in the mind, most of them tinged with a strange comedy. The Ealing comedies undoubtedly remain a bastion of British whimsicality, but the results of this poll suggest they have fallen out of favour.
Dennis Price is Louis Mazzini D'Ascoyne, bon mot-dropping avenging angel and class warrior by default, out to take down the remaining D'Ascoyne clan all played by Alec Guinness as punishment for excommunicating his dear, dead mother. The beauty of this film is how easy it is to divorce yourself from its horrors and side with this gentleman psychopath on his quest. Expecting a jolly, Beatles-esque musical romp starring those loveable rogues The Rolling Stones, they were subjected to minutes of graphic gangland violence, explicit three-way sex, celebratory drug-taking and Mick Jagger in a dress.
So why is a film which should, by rights, be too dated to watch still gaining traction well into its fourth decade? It may not be accidental that our quotidian earthly existence is shown in colour while the fanciful realm of the hereafter is consigned to the monochrome favoured by Grierson et al.
Quite dazzling. Considering that their votes were split seven ways, The Archers have received far more votes than any other director on the list. The increased availability of their work on DVD will have played a major role here, particularly in the rediscovery of the two new titles. Its songs lift us, while its sadnesses bring us down. Our hero, Holly Martins Joseph Cotten , is a writer of dimestore westerns. His pal is Harry Lime Orson Welles , a bootlegger whose latest grift has landed him in an early grave, or so it seems.
About us. Contact us. The best British movies We spoke to over movie experts and writers to put together this definitive list of British films. Discover the best of the city, first. We already have this email. Try another? In This World Read more. The Railway Children Film Family and kids. Dunkirk Film Drama. Film Horror. Theatre of Blood London to Brighton Zulu Film Action and adventure. Dead Man's Shoes Film Thrillers. Land and Freedom Film Comedy. Show more. The plurality of participant IP addresses is stored into an IP address database.
The system attempts to establish a connection with a participant associated with an IP address selected from the plurality of participant IP addresses in the database and receives a data piece with a cryptographic hash from the participant. The system receives a download completion status from the participant and records a corresponding capture time and verifies that the participant is sharing the media file.
The participant is disconnected. The system obtains geographic data of the participant based on the participant IP address and associates the participant to a legal jurisdiction based on the geographic data. With the IP and geographic information about the user, proper legal remedy may be sort in the proper jurisdiction. Such unique identifying information, which is gleaned from unique aspects of a network user's behavior, computing device, keywords, or other mine-able data provides information that can be used as evidence in criminal or other enforcement actions against malefactors on the Internet or who use a network to engage in illicit activity, and it can even create a record of who used what computer from what location at what time to engage in such activities, among other material information useful to enforcement authorities and personnel.
The Node ID is encrypted by a set standard in accordance to the particular partitioning scheme. Evidence of the Node ID may be located on the Peer's physical computer. This Node ID is saved onto the Peer's local computer in a file, generally in a folder determined by the Client software being used. Evidence of the file which keeps reference of the Node ID may be sought out on the Peer's local computer.
This has application in legal court processes where the existence of the file may serve as a digital fingerprint that may help identify the local machine, and help obtain conviction in a trial of a Peer accused of committing an illegal act. One or more embodiments of the present invention provide novel systems and methods for application in industries including but not limited to advertising and marketing, sales, insurance ranging from underwriting to claims processing to lead generation for policy sales , intellectual property protection, the anti-piracy and digital security arts, polling and social science research, and the like.
Relevant business applications, for example, include means for using the present invention to track money to detect fraud, money laundering, and other suspicious movements of cash, where suspicion may be related to the quantities of cash being moved, the IP addresses involved in all levels of the transaction, and other elements of the digital exchange of data therein via one or more networks. Monitoring applications can track movements of money to and from particular countries or above certain size thresholds, and these parameters can be applied at different values for different peers, or at consistent values for a population of peers.
One or more embodiments of the present invention provide tools for performing audience discovery and analysis, as well as remarketing techniques, for the marketing industry; implementing anti-piracy tactics such as enforcing legal compliance, waging pro-active campaigns and countermeasures against infringers e. These and other aspects of the present invention will become more fully understood upon further review of the following specifications and accompanying drawings.
The above and other aspects, features and advantages of the invention will be more apparent from the following more particular description thereof, presented in conjunction with the following drawings wherein:. A system and method for surveying, managing, and analyzing data assets associated with peer-to-peer networks and using the data to provide targeted action will now be described. In the following exemplary description numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a more thorough understanding of embodiments of the invention.
It will be apparent, however, to an artisan of ordinary skill that the present invention may be practiced without incorporating all aspects of the specific details described herein. In other instances, specific features, quantities, or measurements well known to those of ordinary skill in the art have not been described in detail so as not to obscure the invention.
Readers should note that although examples of the invention are set forth herein, the claims, and the full scope of any equivalents, are what define the true scope of the invention. Torrent files are registered with at least one tracker server. The tracker server maintains lists of the peers currently participating in the torrent file.
Participants peers that want to download the file must first obtain a torrent file for it and connect to the specified tracker server, which tells them from which other peers to download the pieces of the file. The task of distributing the file is shared by those who want it.
The file being distributed is divided into evenly sized segments called pieces. As each peer attempting to download the media file receives a new piece of the file it becomes a source of that piece for other peers. Each peer uses BitTorrent client software to make use of the torrent file. Pieces are typically downloaded non-sequentially and are rearranged into the correct order when all the pieces are complete by the BitTorrent client.
The BitTorrent client monitors which pieces it needs, and which pieces it has and can upload to other peers. Due to the nature of this approach, the download of any file can be halted at any time and be resumed at a later date, without the loss of previously downloaded pieces. The copyrighted work is typically a movie, music, books, or software, but can be anything copyrightable that can be expressed in a computer media file.
Typically copyright infringers use BitTorrent as a method of obtaining copyrighted works that may otherwise be bought for monetary value. To use BitTorrent to make a media file available to the public, a small sized torrent descriptor file torrent file is first created.
The torrent file is distributed by conventional means such as through the web using the client-server model. Torrent files are typically published on websites or elsewhere. In some embodiments of a system and method for terminating copyright infringement by BitTorrent users, a computer system executes instructions for a method stored on a computer-readable medium.
In an exemplary embodiment, the computer system runs a Linux based operating system with the instructions written in a combination of C and Python programming languages. A search criteria based on a copyrighted work is created at step The search criteria are created to find torrent files corresponding to media files containing the copyrighted work.
The search criteria include at least a predetermined set of keywords based on a type of content of the copyrighted work. In some exemplary embodiments, the search criteria include a predetermined set of keywords based on a type of content of the copyrighted work. These keywords are typically included in torrent file names for media files containing their published content.
A database of at least one torrent file website is maintained at step Ideally, a list of all known or popular websites that publishes torrent files will be stored in a database. Popular websites include dedicated torrent file servers that allow participants to conduct searches with a browser interface and forums that allow participants to post torrent files for other participants to download.
Each of the torrent file websites are searched for a torrent file according to the search criteria at step This may be accomplished using a number of well known web scraping methods which extracts information from websites. Such web scraping methods include HTML parsers and data mining algorithms. If the torrent file has been previously found, it will be ignored to prevent duplicates. In some embodiments, after every set period of time, each of said torrent file websites is re-searched again for a torrent file according to said search criteria.
The torrent file found is stored to a torrent file database at step The torrent file is verified to correspond to a media file containing the copyrighted work at step This verification may be automatically accomplished through an algorithm, manually by an administrator or user , or a combination of the two.
The most error proof method of verifying a torrent file is to download the entire media file and then viewing it manually by an administrator. By convention, the name of a torrent file has the suffix. This torrent file contains metadata about the files to be shared and about the tracker server, which is a computer that coordinates the file distribution. A web interface may also be configured to allow the administrator or user to view each torrent file and its metadata manually to verify.
Tracker server information is obtained from the torrent file at step The metadata of the torrent file specifies the URL of the tracker server. The tracker server is a server that coordinates the communication between peers using the same torrent file to download the media file. The tracker server maintains information about all peers using the torrent file including their IP addresses to allow peers to connect to one another.
An Internet Protocol Address IP address is a numerical label assigned to each device participating in a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication. The IP addresses of all the peers i. These participant IP addresses are stored into an IP address database at step In some embodiments, after a set period of time, the participant IP addresses may be updated by receiving a new set of participant IP addresses from the tracker server.
The web interface, described with respect to FIG. An attempt is made to establish connection with a participant using a participant IP address selected from the plurality of participant IP addresses at step A request is sent for a data piece to the participant with the participant IP address selected.
If successful, the participant will send back the data piece. Each data piece is protected by a cryptographic hash contained in the torrent descriptor. The cryptographic hash is an algorithm that maps large data sets to small data sets of a fixed length for the purpose of detecting duplicate records. The cryptographic hash ensures that any modification of the piece will be detected, and prevents both accidental and malicious modifications of any of the pieces.
If a peer starts with an authentic copy of the torrent file, it can verify the authenticity of the entire file it receives. The data piece is received with a cryptographic hash from the participant at step The cryptographic hash will typically use the hash function SHA-1 or MD5, but could be any other suitable hash function.
The cryptographic hash is verified to correctly match with the torrent file at step A download completion status is also received from the participant and a corresponding capture time at step The participant will send information that includes the participant's current download completion status, which indicates how many data pieces that the participant has finished downloading.
When the download completion status is received, the current time is recorded as well. The participant is verified to be sharing the media file at step In some embodiments, receiving the data piece from the participant with a verified cryptographic hash, along with a significant Download Completion Status, is enough evidence to verify that the participant is sharing the media file using the torrent file.
The participant is disconnected at step After receiving the data piece with the cryptographic hash and the download completion status from the participant, nothing further is required from the participant. The geographic data of the participant is obtained based on the participant IP address at step The participant IP address conveys a wealth of information about the participant's identification and location.
A number of well known databases exist to correlate any IP address with its corresponding information. The participant's zip code, city, state, longitude, latitude, and median income of residential area, and internet service provider ISP may be obtained by searching one of these databases for the participant IP address. In some embodiments a web interface may be configured to allow the administrator or user to view the participant's geographic data such as the participant's zip code, city, state, longitude, latitude, and median income of residential area.
The web interface may also be configured to allow the administrator or user to sort the participants according to a title of the copyrighted work in the media file. The web interface may be configured to allow the administrator or user to sort the participants according to internet service provider based on the participant IP address.
The participant may be associated to a legal jurisdiction based on the participant's geographic data, e. In some embodiments, legal remedy may then be pursed for all participants of a particular jurisdiction. For instance, the owners of the copyrighted work may initiate a copyright infringement lawsuit against any participant verified to have been sharing the media file, and may group the lawsuits for multiple participants of the same legal jurisdiction.
In general, legal remedies may be pursued by Law Firms, for instance, that are part of an enforcement apparatus. Thus, an exemplary user of the systems and methods of the present invention is a member of a law firm. A processor may be coupled to a bi-directional communication infrastructure such as communication infrastructure system The main memory may provide a computer-readable medium for accessing stored data and applications.
The display interface may communicate with a display unit that may be utilized to display outputs to a user of the specially programmed computer The display unit may comprise one or more monitors that may visually depict aspects of the computer program to the user.
The main memory and the display interface may be coupled to the communication infrastructure , which may serve as the interface point to the secondary memory and the communication interface The secondary memory may provide additional computer-readable medium resources beyond the main memory , and may generally function as a storage location for computer-readable instructions to be executed by processor Either fixed or removable computer-readable media may serve as the secondary memory The secondary memory may comprise, for example, a hard disk and a removable storage drive that may have an associated removable storage unit There may be multiple sources of the secondary memory and systems implementing the solutions described in this disclosure may be configured as needed to support the data storage requirements of the user and the methods described herein.
Numerous types of data storage devices may serve as repositories for data utilized by the specially programmed computer For example, random access memory, read-only memory, solid-state storage, magnetic storage, optical or magnetic-optical storage, or any other available mass storage technology that provides a repository for digital information may be used. The communication interface may be coupled to the communication infrastructure and may serve as a conduit for data destined for or received from a communication path A network interface card NIC is an example of the type of device that once coupled to the communication infrastructure may provide a mechanism for transporting data to the communication path Computer networks such Local Area Networks LAN , Wide Area Networks WAN , Wireless networks, optical networks, distributed networks, the Internet or any combination thereof are some examples of the type of communication paths that may be utilized by the specially programmed computer The communication path may comprise any type of telecommunication network or interconnection fabric that can transport data to and from communication interface To facilitate user interaction with the specially programmed computer , one or more human interface devices HID may be provided.
Some examples of HIDs that enable users to input commands or data to the specially programmed computer may comprise a keyboard, mouse, touch screen devices, microphones or other audio interface devices, motion sensors or the like, as well as any other device able to accept any kind of human input and in turn communicate that input to processor to trigger one or more responses from the specially programmed computer are within the scope of the system disclosed herein.
While FIG. In one or more embodiments, the system may also encompass a cloud computing system or any other system where shared resources, such as hardware, applications, data, or any other resource are made available on demand over the Internet or any other network. Where a virtual machine, process, device or otherwise performs substantially similarly to that of a physical computer system, such a virtual platform will also fall within the scope of disclosure provided herein, notwithstanding the description herein of a physical system such as that in FIG.
The computer-readable medium stores computer-readable instructions. The processor executes the computer-readable instructions to create a search criteria based on a copyrighted work. The processor executes the computer-readable instructions to maintain a website database of at least one torrent file website. Popular websites include dedicated torrent file servers that allow users to conduct searches with a browser interface and forums that allow users to post torrent files for other users to download.
In some exemplary embodiments, the processor executes the computer-readable instructions to maintain a web interface for use by the administrator or user. The web interface may be used for a variety of purposes such as to allow the administrator or user to manually set the search criteria. Some embodiments provide for a console interface for administrator's use with text commands.
The processor executes the computer-readable instructions to search each of the torrent file websites for a torrent file according to the search criteria. In some embodiments, after every set period of time, each of said torrent file websites are re-searched again for a torrent file according to said search criteria.
The torrent file found is stored to a torrent file database. The processor executes the computer-readable instructions to verify the torrent file as corresponding to a media file containing the copyrighted work. The most error proof method of verifying a torrent file is to download the entire media file and then viewing it manually by an administrator or user.
This torrent file contains metadata about the files to be shared and about the tracker server, a computer that coordinates the file distribution. The processor executes the computer-readable instructions to obtain a tracker server information from the torrent file. A plurality of participant IP addresses of peers currently connected to the torrent file is received.
The web interface may also be configured to allow the administrator or user to view the plurality of participant IP addresses stored on the IP address database. The processor executes the computer-readable instructions to attempt to establish a connection with a participant with an IP address selected from the plurality of participant IP addresses.
A request is sent for a data piece to the participant with the selected IP address. The data piece is received with a cryptographic hash from the participant. The processor executes the computer-readable instructions to receive a download completion status from the participant and a corresponding capture time is recorded. The participant will send information that includes the participant's current download completion status, which includes information on how many data pieces that the participant has finished downloading.
The processor executes the computer-readable instructions to verify that the participant is sharing the media file. In some embodiments, receiving the data piece from the participant with a verified cryptographic hash, along with a non-zero download completion status, may be enough evidence to verify that the participant is sharing the media file using the torrent file.
The processor executes the computer-readable instructions to disconnect from the participant. The processor executes the computer-readable instructions to obtain the participant's geographic data based on the participant IP address. The participant's zip code, city, state, longitude, latitude, and median income of residential area, and internet service provider may be obtained by searching one of these databases for the participant IP address.
In some embodiments, the processor executes the computer-readable instructions to configure a web interface to allow the administrator or user to view the participant's geographic data such as the participant's zip code, city, state, longitude, latitude, and median income of residential area.
The processor executes the computer-readable instructions to associate the participant to a legal jurisdiction based on the participant's geographic data. The legal jurisdiction may be assigned based on the participant's zip code. The owners of the copyrighted work may initiate a copyright infringement lawsuit against any participant verified to have been sharing the media file, and may group the lawsuits for multiple participants of the same legal jurisdiction.
Some embodiments of a system and method for terminating copyright infringement by BitTorrent users include maintaining a web interface for administrator The web interface may be used for a variety of purposes such as to allow the administrator to manually set the search criteria. Some embodiments provide for a console interface for administrator use with text commands.
Module represents an administrator interface display or part of a display. Administrator interface provides a general interface for managing users and controlling copyrighted works being monitored. The Delete function may be configured to provide the administrator the ability to remove users e.
For instance, by checking check box and activating Delete , the selected user is removed. Movies function provides the administrator the ability to add additional titles i. When activated, Movies function launches the screenshots illustrated in FIG. The search interval corresponds to the frequency upon which the internet is searched for peer-to-peer downloading of the new title. Default is 24 hours. Thereafter, the new title appears in section , along with any other title previously entered.
Returning to FIG. To facilitate review of the performance of the methods of the present invention, each section e. In addition to the summary display, each section provides a plurality of interface elements for the user of the system of the present invention to dig further into the database.
In the illustration of section , these interfaces are represented by the Packman symbols , , and The system may be configured such that activation of Interface results in display of a window showing web addresses where torrent files for the title are located, as illustrated in the sample screenshot of FIG.
Interface could be implemented as a pushbutton, a hyperlink, etc. Similarly, activation of Interface may result in display of a window showing the torrent files for the title, as illustrated in the sample screenshot of FIG.
With the interface of FIG. To exclude a file, the user will need to uncheck the checkbox and vice versa to include the file. In one or more embodiments of the present invention, the graphical interface comprises critical information about the copyright infringers i. Does and a plurality of pushbuttons to enable manipulation of the data. Interface also includes checkbox for each Doe infringer so that when checked, indicates legal action is being initiated against the Doe infringer.
Also, the user may include notes about each infringer by clicking the IP Address field , which launches a screen to enter notes as illustrated in FIG. After entering the notes, a suitable symbol, e. Alternatively, instead of the all or nothing functionality of buttons and , each individual Doe may be selected or deselected by selecting its check box Other pushbuttons provide functionalities that are important for copyright enforcement.
Such exhibit page includes all relevant information needed for evidence in a court proceeding to show infringing activity. Table 1 is an exemplary illustration of a data table from an ISP for infringer information in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention. As illustrated in Table 1, the data typically comprises geographic information about the infringing Does.
In one or more embodiments of the present invention, when Filter Options is activated, the interface illustrated in screenshot of FIG. In yet another embodiment of the present invention, the system determines the identity of any other participant with which a particular participant uploaded or shared files with.
The systems and methods of the present invention may accomplish this by periodically checking each participant in the IP address database and determining if they're still connected to the peer-to-peer network. As illustrated, in step an interested participant is selected by choosing a participant IP address from the IP Address Database. The system then checks if the interested participant is connected to the BitTorrent network in step and if a determination is made that the interested participant is not connected to the network, the systems returns to step to select another participant, until all the participants are sampled.
However, if a time a determination is made that a participant is connected to the network; the system proceeds to step to record a timestamp, and checks and records the percentage of the download the interested participant has completed. Following this process at step , the system may collect the data presented in Table 2 below for the interested participant:. From the data in Table 2 above, it is possible to conclude that the interested participant was downloading the file between the dates of Oct.
In step , a check is made of one or more of the remaining participants in the IP address database to determine those participants connected to the BitTorrent network during same time periods indicated in the recorded timestamp of step For instance, in step the system takes an IP address from the IP address database and checks its recorded timestamp to see if it corresponds to the time stamp of the interested participant.
If no, the next IP address is sampled, until a determination is made of all those other participants connected to the network at the same time as the interested participant. In step , the other participants determined to be connected to the network at the same times as the interested participant are labeled as co-participants and possibly those who shared files with the interested participant. And in step appropriate legal actions may be pursued against the co-participants.
In yet another embodiment of the present invention, the system determines specific information about the computer of the participant that is sharing files in the network, even if that participant is located behind a firewall. The systems and methods of the present invention may accomplish this by using passive fingerprinting techniques, the methods of which are commonly known in the arts. Passive fingerprinting is based on analyzing the TCP data that the computer is sending while responding to queries, for instance in step It's important that the process is done passively and by using the data already being sent to prevent violation of any governmental regulations.
In one or more embodiments of the present invention, a simple TCP packet sniffer method is implemented for determining specific information about the computer of the participant that is sharing files in the network.
In another embodiment of the present invention, a method of analyzing the Clock Skew of the remote computer is implemented for use in determining specific information about the computer of the participant that is sharing files in the network. In this embodiment, the TCP timestamps from incoming connections are analyzed to measure the devices clock skew and thereby fingerprinting the physical device.
One or more embodiments of the present invention provide for a system and method that searches, finds, and identifies files and information on peer-to-peer networks. One embodiment creates search criteria and maintains a database of the resulting file locations. Search criteria may comprise any distinct target information, including but not limited to keywords in filenames, particular bits of data in a file e.
In some embodiments, the system of the present invention stores reference files, from which these criteria for surveying networks for target files are derived, and may maintain a database wherein reference files are categorized and cataloged based on various descriptive attributes. For example, the system may store a torrent file to a torrent file database and categorize the file based on various descriptive attributes associated with said file; a list of known networks and nodes in which to perform surveillance may also be maintained.
One or more embodiments of the present invention use the centralized method for collecting participant information. Under the centralized method, the System mimics the functionality of a Client. It gets the trackers' address from the Torrent File and requires the tracker to get the IP Addresses of peers Clients as a response.
The System builds a connection based on the IPs from the tracker's response. It confirms the other client is sharing the specific file by checking the Hash Tag sent by other peers, and records their IP Addresses and the time that the connection was established. This recording process preferably occurs in real time. The System then waits for the other peer Client to send the number of pieces it has.
As described above, one or more embodiments of the invention connects to the peer, exchanges information confirming the existence of a particular file of interest, then disconnects from the peer after this information is received. The process is repeated with the next available peer Client. If a peer attempts a second connection with the System, the System will record an additional log for this IP Address and will update the percentage that is already recorded, and the last captured time.
All of the IP Addresses, times connection was established, and download percentages are stored into the IP Address Database and filed by location information. As illustrated, the System scrapes forums and websites to find Torrent Files and extracts the web address of the Torrent File s. It then downloads the Torrent File s to a database accompanying the System. This process is the same as if a human obtained the Torrent File e.
For each Torrent File, the System emulates the process of becoming a Client and seeks to build connection s with other Clients. Once the System makes an exchange of data and confirms the IP Address is downloading or uploading pieces of the File, it disconnects from the Client s. The System extracts the file size of the File and is able to display it in the Interface.
File size information is valuable in differentiating potential trailers or previews from actual Torrent File s. Thus, the System works analogously like a Client. The tracker also saves the System's IP and provides it to other peers Clients. This recording process is preferably done in real time. This number is compared with the total number of the pieces extracted from the Torrent File and enables the System to know what percentage of the File that other Client has downloaded.
As soon as the System receives this information it disconnects with this peer. Then, the System gets ready to repeat this process with next available peer Client. All of the IP Addresses, times, and download percentages are stored into the IP Address database, and filed by location information, so an Administrator can export the information as a report or in the form of digital data. In one or more embodiments of the present invention, the system analyzes a file according to designated parameters, such as whether the file is a torrent file utilizing a Distributed Hash Table DHT mechanism to augment file and information sharing, and if the file is determined to have the required features, then a series of steps is initiated to access and monitor one or more networks to catalog information such as the identity and activity of those users e.
If verified that a DHT mechanism is used, the system will locate at least a single peer on the network e. After discovering that the peer is in fact utilizing a DHT, it is able to ping the individual node i. The pinging process is repeated until a satisfactory amount IP Addresses are deemed found; for example, when after multiple iterations of the process no new IP Address are being returned.
In preferred embodiments, the pinging process is repeated intermittently hours, days, or weeks, etc. The system also receives a download completion status from each participant and records a corresponding capture time and verifies that the participant is sharing the media file.
The system obtains other data and metadata e. The IP and geographic information about a user, once collected, may enable further analysis and collection of user data including but not limited to demographic analysis, audience analysis, and piracy analysis. Marketing, advertising, and branding techniques may all be refined using the resulting analysis.
Advanced antipiracy measures may also be implemented. The structure of a Distributed Hash Table may be split up between a multitude of roles. This Hash can often times represent the IP Address or the physical location of a node. A Partitioning Scheme is responsible for splitting ownership amongst the participating nodes. An Overlay Network connects the nodes allowing the discovery of each node represented in the Keyspace.
Typical use of a Distributed Hash Table for storage and retrieval purposes may operate as follows. The message is sent and diffused throughout the DHT until it reaches the node responsible for the Key value as determined by the Partitioning Scheme. This node will then store the data corresponding to the key.
Any other client can then retrieve the File or Data by referencing its bit SHA-1 hash, and asking any DHT node to find the data associated to it using a get command. This message will once again be diffused and routed through the Overlay Network until it reaches the node responsible for the File or Data, which will then reply with requested File or Data. With the intention of reducing network traffic, store and request operations are typically limited to a set number of the closest nodes, typically between ten and twenty.
However, in some embodiments, each node in the DHT may communicate with any set number of other nodes, or an unlimited number of other nodes on the Overlay Network. Partitioning in the decentralized method can generally be described as follows. Each Node on the overlay typically has its own unique identifier ID.
In a circular configuration, each Node represents a subsequent key, and the coordinate, Node1, Node2 , represents the distance traveling clockwise between two Nodes. An embodiment may use the XOR distance metric, i. Each Node maintains a communication link between one location and another for the purpose of transmitting and receiving digital information.
These links form the Overlay Network. A node picks its neighbors according to a predefined structure, typically determined by the network topology or the Partitioning Scheme. Every node maintains a routing table of known good nodes. The nodes in the routing table are used as starting points for queries in the DHT. Nodes from the routing table are returned in response to queries from other nodes.
Each node only needs to keep record of, and coordinate with a few other nodes in the system—so that only a limited amount of work is needed for change in membership. If any nodes in the bucket are known to have become bad, then one may be replaced by a new node. If there are any questionable nodes in the bucket that have not been seen during a predetermined amount of time, the least recently seen node is pinged; if the pinged node responds then the next least recently seen questionable node is pinged until one fails to respond or all of the nodes in the bucket are known to be good.
If a node in the bucket fails to respond to a ping, the system may try one more time before discarding the node and replacing it with a new good node. In this way, the table fills with stable long running nodes. Data collection may proceed as follows. In a first step, a client obtains the Info Hash of the File or Data it is interested in discovering through a search or surveillance campaign.
The Client may create this Info Hash by creating it through a hashing process from the file, or it may be provided to the Client manually, or by another commonly known means. In one or more embodiments, any unique file will have its own DHT responsible for only the particular File, indicated by the Info Hash of the File.
The Client then performs a lookup of the resulting location Key within the DHT to determine the closest nodes to the Key ID in accordance with the partitioning schema referenced above. It then contacts those nodes with a request to store or return the associated File or Data. When a node wants to find peers for a file, it uses the distance metric to compare the info hash SHA1 of the file with the IDs of the nodes in its own routing table.
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